legal cases

UK : Supreme Court rules that Uber drivers are entitled to workers rights

The UK supreme court has dismissed Uber’s appeal against the 2016 landmark employment tribunal ruling that its drivers should be classed as workers with access to the minimum wage and paid holidays. The court concluded that the drivers were workers because of Uber’s level of control over them, including setting fares and not informing them […]

France : The social chamber of the Cour de cassation requalifies the partnership contract of an Uber driver as an employment contract

This decision is the second that the social chamber of the Court of Cassation has issued on the subject of platform workers, after the decision in the Take Eat Easy case (Soc., 28 November 2018, pourvoi n° 17-20.079). It rejects an appeal against a decision admitting a request for requalification. The judgment was strongly reasoned, […]

UK : Court of Appeal in England and Wales rejects Deliveroo delivery worker's claim for reclassification as a worker

Britain's Court of Appeal confirmed on Thursday that riders for food delivery firm Deliveroo were self-employed, dismissing a union appeal against past judgments on their status. The Independent Workers Union of Great Britain (IWGB) had applied to the Central Arbitration Committee (CAC) to be recognised by Deliveroo for collective bargaining in respect of a group […]

France : Rejection of the request for requalification as an employment contract - Deliveroo delivery driver - Paris Court of Appeal

The Paris Court of Appeal rejected the request for the requalification as an employment contract of the service contract concluded by a delivery person with the Deliveroo platform, considering that neither the clauses of the employment contract nor the terms of execution of the employment relationship characterised the existence of a subordination link. The Paris […]

Italy : Reclassification of Uber Eats, Deliveroo and Just Eat riders

Following a secret inquiry, the Milan Public Prosecutor's Office has established that the employment relationship of riders working for different digital platforms (Foodinho, Glovo, UberEats, JustEat and Deliveroo) cannot be considered as occasional independent work, but must be reclassified as hetero-organized collaboration. The Court gave the companies 90 days to hire 60,000 workers. In case […]

Italy : The Court of Bologna condemns Deliveroo’s algorithm for discrimination

On 31 December 2020, the Court of Bologna ruled in favour of the complaint brought by CGIL’s Bologna sections of FILCAMS, NIDIL and FILT. According to the complaint, Deliveroo’s algorithm, called Frank, discriminated workers and restricted their access to working slots following absences for strike, or for health or care reasons. The judge ruled completely […]

Italy : The Court of Parlemo classifies a Glovo rider as employee

The Court of Palermo has ruled that the Spanish delivery platform Glovo has to reclassify a courier as a full-time employee. As the relationship between the courier and Glovo was an employee-employer relationship, the Court had Glovo pay the courier an hourly wage instead of remunerating him per delivery. The rider had initially gone to […]

Spain : The high Court of Justice of Aragon confirms 57 Deliveroo riders are workers

The High Court of Justice of Aragon dismissed Deliveroo’s appeal against a ruling by a Saragoza Court of 27 April 2020 and confirmed that 57 riders who worked through Deliveroo over the period between February and November 2017 were workers (“trabajadores por cuenta ajena”). The ruling followed criteria established by the Supreme Court. Among the […]

France : Reclassification of Uber drivers, Paris Court of appeal

"In a decision dated 12 May 2021 (RG 18/02660), the Paris Court of Appeal ruled that the service contract concluded between UBER BV and a driver had to be requalified as an employment contract. This decision follows the decision of the Court of Cassation of 4 March 2020. In support of its decision, the court […]

France : Rejection of the request for requalification as an employment contract - Uber driver - Court of Appeal of Lyon

"The Court of Appeal rejected the request to reclassify the commercial relationship as an employment contract between an UBER driver and the Uber platform. The reasons given are that the recommendations made by the platform, which are part of the setting of specifications intended to guarantee the quality and safety of a service, do not […]

Digital Platform Observatory

The digital platform observatory is a joint initiative of ETUC, IRES and ASTREES, funded by the European Commission. It brings together trade unionists, experts, activists, specialists of workers representation and collective action in the  platform economy.