France

According to the criminal chamber of the French Court of Cassation, the offence of concealed work is not constituted for Click and Walk contributors

On 5 April 2022, the Criminal Division of the Court of Cassation overturned the decision of the Douai Court of Appeal of 10 February 2020, which had held that the company should have declared its contributors as employees. The Court considers that the company does not have the power, during the execution of the assignment, […]

The Court of Cassation censures the Court of Appeal's decision to reclassify a contract of employment

In a decision published on 13 April 2022, the social chamber of the Court of Cassation censured an appeal decision which had reclassified the contractual relationship between a VTC driver and the company Le Cab / Voxtur as an employment contract. The company Voxtur was placed in receivership in June 2020.On 31 January 2015, a […]

The criminal court of Paris fines Deliveroo 375,000 euros for concealed work

On Tuesday 19 April, the Paris criminal court fined Deliveroo France 375,000 euros and gave two former managers of the platform a suspended sentence of twelve months in prison for concealed work. The fine and the sentence are in line with the requisitions of the prosecutor and the civil parties (more than 100 Deliveroo riders). […]

France : The social chamber of the Cour de cassation requalifies the partnership contract of an Uber driver as an employment contract

This decision is the second that the social chamber of the Court of Cassation has issued on the subject of platform workers, after the decision in the Take Eat Easy case (Soc., 28 November 2018, pourvoi n° 17-20.079). It rejects an appeal against a decision admitting a request for requalification. The judgment was strongly reasoned, […]

France : Rejection of the request for requalification as an employment contract - Deliveroo delivery driver - Paris Court of Appeal

The Paris Court of Appeal rejected the request for the requalification as an employment contract of the service contract concluded by a delivery person with the Deliveroo platform, considering that neither the clauses of the employment contract nor the terms of execution of the employment relationship characterised the existence of a subordination link. The Paris […]

France : Reclassification of Uber drivers, Paris Court of appeal

"In a decision dated 12 May 2021 (RG 18/02660), the Paris Court of Appeal ruled that the service contract concluded between UBER BV and a driver had to be requalified as an employment contract. This decision follows the decision of the Court of Cassation of 4 March 2020. In support of its decision, the court […]

France : Rejection of the request for requalification as an employment contract - Uber driver - Court of Appeal of Lyon

"The Court of Appeal rejected the request to reclassify the commercial relationship as an employment contract between an UBER driver and the Uber platform. The reasons given are that the recommendations made by the platform, which are part of the setting of specifications intended to guarantee the quality and safety of a service, do not […]

Plateformes en Communs

« Plateformes en Communs » is a learning community of platforms coops, who share the following principles in their models : Inclusive governance of their stakeholders Fair sharing of the value generated by the interactions Data ethics Fair working conditions for the involved workers Inter-cooperation among platform coops These principles are shared in the charter of the […]

SMART

Smart  ("Société Mutuelle pour Artistes") is a social enterprise created in 1998. Since January 2017, it is a cooperative. Smart offers its members a  solution to create their salaried employment as well as a range of shared services in various fields. Smart offers advice, training and tools  to accompany the development of the professional activity […]

ReAct

Created in 2010, ReAct is an international network of organisers aiming to faciliate the collective organisation of workers and communities in their dealings with multinational companies. ReAct supports people and communities organising on a local basis and these organisations collaborating in a global alliance. ReAct runs the Global Labour Institute (GLI) Paris, the French-speaking branch […]
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Digital Platform Observatory

The digital platform observatory is a joint initiative of ETUC, IRES and ASTREES, funded by the European Commission. It brings together trade unionists, experts, activists, specialists of workers representation and collective action in the  platform economy.